Ancient Indian Linguistic Tradition

In the early period of the first millennium BCE, there developed a tradition of language analysis in India with a purpose to preserve the sacred language of the Vedas. It included the study of Chandas (metres), Nirukta (derivation), Śikṣā (phonetics), Prātiśākhya (phonology), Padapāṭha (word analysis), and Vyākaraṇa (grammar). Pāṇini in his Aṣṭādhyāyī (circa 4 th C BCE) provided a comprehensive linguistic description of the Sanskrit language prevalent at his time which included a set of rules and exceptions of generative nature. Pāṇinian model inspired the later grammarians to develop more or less similar models with different purposes including Pali and Prakrit grammars also. The tradition of language study flourished in many branches. The three chief disciplines of Nyāya, Mīmāṁsā and Vyākaraṇa primarily dealt with the nature of word and its meaning. They described the process of meaning comprehension from the utterance. Recent decades have experienced growing interest of computer scientists in the ancient linguistic tradition of India for various reasons. A range of tools and applications is being developed in IITs and universities to facilitate preparation of critical editions, translations and such other research activities. The objective of the present course is to provide glimpses of the knowledge system of the linguistic tradition of India conveyed in the early oral and written medium and also in today’s digital form.

After completing the course, the participants will be able to apply their learning to practical tasks in the field of Sanskrit Natural Language Processing.

1
Linguistic tradition of India: Keynote by Prof. V. N. JHA
02:04:01
2
Ancient phonetics and phonology (Śikṣā, Prātiśākhya) : Prof Bhagyalata Pataskar
1:11:11
3
Nirukta (word explication) : : Dr. Eivind Kahrs
01:08:29
4
Word analysis in the Padapāṭha tradition : Prof. Nirmala Kulkarni
01:01:08
5
Grammar before Pāṇini : Prof. Madhav Deshpande
01:18:49
6
Fundamentals of Pāṇinian grammar : Prof. Malhar Kulkarni (Lecture 1)
01:03:16
7
Nature of Pāṇinian rules : Prof. Malhar Kulkarni (Lecture 2)
01.02.32
8
Commentaries on Pāṇini : Dr. Shailaja Katre
01.14.04
9
Notion of Kāraka : Prof. George Cardona
01.20.40
10
Case theory : Prof Prasad Joshi
01:20:08
11
Word building processes (Five vrttis) : Prof. Korada Subrahmanyam
01:02:08
12
Śābdabodha (Comprehension of meaning) : Prof. Shrinivas Varakhedi
01:26:11
13
Meaning and its types : Dr. Manjusha Gokhale
00:52:50
14
Factors effecting sentence meaning : Prof. K. N. Hota
01:04:33
15
Views on meaning cognition (abhihitānvaya and anvitābhidhana ) : Prof. V. Kutumba Shastry
00:51:49
16
Sphoṭa theory : Prof. Madhusudan Penna
01:22:33
17
Kātantra grammar : Prof. Mahesh Deokar
01:00:04
18
Pali grammar : Prof. Mahesh Deokar
01:03:27
19
Prakrit grammar : Dr. Rajashree Mohadikar | 25.02.2021
00:40:58
20
Sanskrit grammar and computational linguistics : Prof. Amba Kulkarni | 26.02.2021
01:10:16

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